Colonial Lake Books

Fighting Skills Books

All books 50% off the listed price.

A Collection of Historical Fencing Manuscripts - $22.00
Chad McBroom. This book contains English translations of historical fencing manuscripts. Wherever possible, the original author and the translator is credited. All works contained within this book are either public domain or used with the permission of the translator. Texts include: Paradoxes of Defence & Brief Instructions of My Paradoxes of Defence, by George Silver; Hanko Döbringer's Fechtbuch; His True Arte of Defense, by Giacomo di Grassi; The Sword-Man's Vade-Mecum, by William Hope; The Art of Fencing, by Monsieur L'Abbat; Comprehension of Destreza, by Alvaro Guerra de la Vega; and other texts. 248pp. Pb.

A Treatise on the Science of Arms by Camillo Agrippa - $35.00
W Jherek Swanger (annotated Translation). Camillo Agrippa’s "Trattato di Scientia d’Arme, con un Dialogo di Filosofia", published in 1553, is widely regarded as the seminal text of scientific fencing. Agrippa analyzed fencing in terms of geometry, biomechanics, and timing, laying the groundwork for centuries of fencing theory that followed him. This translation is thoroughly annotated, with a particular emphasis on aiding scholars and practitioners of historical fencing to follow Agrippa’s descriptions of combative sequences. An extensive introduction provides background on terminology, the author, and the text itself, places Agrippa’s system within the historical continuum of Italian fencing, and provides a thorough overview of the theoretical and technical aspects of the system. The latter part of the text, Agrippa’s "Philosophical Dialogue", addresses various topics of geometry and pre-Copernican astronomy. Includes bibliography, appendices covering both the Treatise and Dialogue, and glossary. 164pp. Pb.

Ambraser Codex - $37.00
Hans Talhofler. Hans Talhoffer was one the most famous and prolific of the 15th-century German fight masters with at least six fight books attributed to him that have survived to the present day. His Ambraser Codex from 1449 is one of the lesser-known fight books, but it contains a wealth of information about armored combat, dagger fighting, wrestling and mounted combat that makes it tremendously valuable to students of historical combat. Written for Talhoffer’s patron, Leutold von Königsegg, the Ambraser Codex gives us a fascinating blow-by-blow account of what judicial duels were like from start to finish. More than just a translation, the author has used other fighting manuals of the period to interpret Talhoffer’s techniques. 251pp. Pb.

The Art of Fencing, or, The Use of the Small Sword - $44.00
Monsieur L-Abbat. Andrew Mahon (Trans). Monsieur L'Abbat was a French author and a Fencing Master at the Academy of Toulouse in France in the late seventeenth century. He was the author of the first comprehensive study of the art of fencing entitled Questions Sur L'Art En Fait D'Armes, which was first translated into English by Andrew Mahon in 1734 and called, The Art of Fencing, or, The Use of the Small Sword. 112pp. Pb.

The Art of Mail Armor: How To Make Your Own - $35.00
Mary Brewer. Picture yourself in a full set of shining mail armor at your next reenactment, fair or costume party. And the best part is that you can say you made it yourself. The Art of Mail Armor shows you how to start with a piece of wire and end with a finished garment that costs a fraction of what it would ready-made and fits perfectly because it was custom made just for you. The book features seven original patterns from the author and step-by-step diagrams and instructions for attractive coifs (head coverings), hauberks (shirts), gauntlets, (gloves) and bishop's collars, as well as juggling balls, necklaces, belts, crosses and other jewelry. Find out how easy it is to assemble your tool kit and materials; acquire the best wire for specific items; measure for a perfect fit; join, enlarge, round, angle and fit sleeves; and incorporate decorative trimmings and inlays to make your designs truly unique. Also learn some quick and easy tricks for keeping your pieces clean and shiny - with no scrubbing or expensive commercial cleaners. Whether you are a Renaissance or medieval enthusiast, reenactor, historian, martial artist, jewelry designer or just someone with an interest in armor, you'll want to add this book to your library. Even experienced mail makers will find new ideas and techniques. 168pp. Pb.

The Art of War - $10.00
Sun Tzu. Widely regarded as "The Oldest Military Treatise in the World," this landmark work covers principles of strategy, tactics, maneuvering, communication, and supplies; the use of terrain, fire, and the seasons of the year; the classification and utilization of spies; the treatment of soldiers, including captives, all have a modern ring to them. 96pp. Pb.

Arte Gladiatoria: 15th Century Swordsmanship of Master Filippo Vadi - $39.00
Luca Porzio & Gregory Mele. For the first time, a color fascimile and translation from this important 15th century master of late Italian Medieval swordsmanship. Master Fillipo Vadi’s work, previously overlooked and underestimated by fencing scholars, presents the student of historical swordsmanship or of miltiary history a fresh, stunningly beautiful look into the mind of an Italian fencing master. The core of the book is the Prologue and the Chapters that accompany it, explaining in detail not only who should be taught the art of swordsmanship -- and how -- but detailed explanations that cover almost every aspect of swordsmanship. Closely following the works of the late 14th century master Fiore dei Liberi, Vadi fills in many puzzling blanks left by the old Master and offers his own innovations. Accompanying the exquisitely wrought text, finely translated by Luca Porzio, are 56 color plates showing many of the techniques explained in the chapters and by other historical masters, but in this case, with such a beautiful rendering that they are works of art unto themselves. The authors have also included a penetrating new analysis of the Vadi material, debunking common myths about Vadi and challenging the conventional view concerning his place in the history of fencing. Especially interesting is the section by Gregory Mele carefully comparing techniques in Vadi with the different editions of Fiore dei Liberi. An absolute must for the bookshelf of anyone interested in the history of fencing or late medieval warfare, this rich volume will also appeal to collectors of illuminated manuscripts, reeactors, and literary traditions of 15th century Italy. 203pp. Hb.

The Book of the Order of Chivalry by Sir Nigel MacFarlane - $22.00
Todd H C Fischer. Within the Society for Creative Anachronism, Duke Nigel MacFarlane, KSCA, has reigned as king twice in the Kingdom of Ealdormere and has been a knight for over a decade. Originally from the Middle Kingdom he now dwells in the northlands with his lady, Duchess Adrielle Kerrec, OP, OL, surrounded by their household of Arrochar. In this volume, Sir Nigel expounds on the nature of chivalry, with his words on the subject being transcribed by his squire, TH Laird Colyne Stewart (also known as Todd H. C. Fischer). Within you can read his thoughts on the virtues, pilgramages, the taking of dependents, and more. 58pp. Pb.

Castles of the World Coloring Book - $9.00
A G Smith. Detailed drawings of 3l world-famous castles: Windsor, Edinburgh, Caernarvon, Krak des Chevaliers, Neuschwanstein, Pierrefonds, and more. 48pp. Pb.

Codex Wallerstein - $49.00
Grzegorz Zabinski. The Codex Wallerstein is one of the best known of the late medieval fencing treatises still in existence. Though perhaps not as widely known as Talhoffer 1467 or Flos Duellatorum, it is just as important to students of the Western martial arts. Originally written in Middle High German during the late 14th and early 15th centuries, the Codex Wallerstein has long been available to scholars in microfilm format from Augusburg University. Now with the publication of this book, the text and drawings are available to scholars and martial artists in the original Middle High German, as well as in Modern German and English translations. The translations were provided by Grzegorz Zabinski, with assistance from Bartlomiej Walczak, two of the most esteemed interpreters of medieval combat in the world. The codex offers a series of fundamental counters to common attacks, using the longsword, falchion and dagger, as well as the complete system of wrestling techniques. In this work the reader will find a great deal of instruction on thrusting at or closing in against an opponent, expanding Master Johannes Liechtenauer's art of longsword combat. For martial artists, medievalists, historians or anyone with an interest in historical arms or self-defense, Codex Wallerstein is sure to become an invaluable reference. 386pp. Pb.

Enemies At The Gate: English Castles Under Seige - $25.00
Julian Humphrys. Illustrated in colour. Buried beneath the crumbling grey walls of England's majestic castles lie some of the most colourful stories in history - tales of triumph and disaster, courage and cowardice, loyalty and betrayal, ingenuity - and stupidity. Enemies at the Gate takes an entertaining look at English castles under siege, from the tunnels and trebuchets of the early Middle Ages to the Civil War when many fortifications, left undisturbed for centuries, were suddenly propelled into the forefront of national events. An in-depth look at 500 years of siege warfare in England that examines both the development of fortifications and the techniques used to capture them. It looks closely at the impact of the siege on a number of England's most fascinating castles, with their capacity to resist attack. The sieges are presented in chronological order and the castles featured cover the whole country. Telling the stories of both attackers and besieged, Julian Humphrys takes us on a journey through the human stories of triumph and catastrophe that accompanied each campaign. Hb.

Formal Partner Exercises - $37.00
Hugh Knight. Formal Partner Exercises presents a series of two-man forms designed to teach students the flow of combat. Each form starts with a basic technique of Johannes Liechtenauer’s system of combat and builds it into a sequence of plays highlighting specific ideas about combat. Using well over 200 photographs, this book teaches the sixteen formal exercises for the longsword and seven formal exercises for the sword and buckler used for training at the journeyman level in die Schlachtschule. These forms were developed from documentable techniques and will help to teach a more authentic understanding of the way in which longsword and sword and buckler techniques could be combined in real combat while providing a format that provides for structured, disciplined training. It must be understood that this book is intended for advanced students. It contains no instruction regarding individual techniques at all since it assumes that anyone who begins training on these forms will already be capable of performing the basic techniques of Liechtenauer’s system. To help with that, however, each technique in each form gives a page number reference that the reader can use to look up the specific technique being demonstrated in the author’s books The Knightly Art of the Longsword and Medieval Sword & Buckler Combat. 190pp. Sb.

Grappling and Dagger Combat in Armor - $32.00
Hugh Knight. The study of medieval European martial arts is going through a renaissance with new books on the subject being published one after another. This is the first such series of books, however, to focus entirely on armored combat as practiced by medieval knights. In this book you will learn how fence with daggers and grapple against an opponent in full armor. You will learn the nature and format of medieval combat from its opening stages to its grisly conclusion. The author takes you through the stances, grips, footwork, thrusts and strikes that made medieval combat so elegant and effective with step-by-step instruction and photographs to shed light on this ancient art. 108pp. Sb.

Highland Swordsmanship - $19.00
Mark Rector. Scotland has a long and proud tradition of swordsmanship, something that is abundantly documented in its medieval literature. This publication reproduces two classic manuals of swordsmansip, both written in the early 18th century. The `Expert Sword-Man's Companion' written by Donald McBane and `New Methods of Fencing' written by Sir William Hope in 1707, both contain advice on the theory of swordplay, as well as technical and ethical issues and the realities of fighting. In this book Rector adds the necessary background material and the California Players re-enact many of the techniques. Mark Rector is an actor, playwright, stage combatant and fight choreographer, as well as a student and practitioner of historical swordplay. He is the translator and editor of "Medieval Combat, Hans Talhoffer's Fechtbuch ('fight book') of 1467" 208pp. Pb.

History of the Sword Coloring Book - $11.00
Bruce LaFontaine. From prehistoric sticks to the rapiers wielded by the Louis XIV's Musketeers, this volume chronicles the history of the sword in 44 carefully researched, ready-to-color drawings of the weapons and authentically costumed figures of the people who wielded them. A rich pictorial history for coloring book fans, students of weaponry, and armchair adventurers alike. 48pp. Pb.

I33: Fencing in the Style of Walpurgis (2nd Edition) - $39.00
Andrew Kenner. The Walpurgis Manuscript (Royal Armouries Manuscript I.33) is the world's oldest known personal fencing manual. This fascinating manuscript is a window onto a style of sword and buckler fencing that was a popular sport and probably a means of waging war in Germany in the late 13th or early 14th century. This book will take you through a series of instructions designed to have you fencing in this ancient style in a way the authors of the manuscript would have immediately recognized. The instructions include many photographs and a graded series of practice exercises. Rediscover this ancient fencing style for yourself and enjoy and experience a medieval fencing technique which fascinated our ancestors more than seven centuries ago and is still intriguing fencers today. 160pp. Pb.

Knights and Armor: Coloring Book - $11.00
A G Smith. Historically accurate renderings of Vikings, Crusaders, Italian Condottiere, Spanish foot-soldiers and luminaries such as Richard the Lion-Hearted and Henry the VIII document the evolution and development of personal armor and weapons through the centuries. 42 plates. 48pp. Pb.

Making A Medieval Leg Harness - $38.00
Paul Prater. A how to book for the construction of a medieval leg harness. This book is detailed with full instructions, more than 75 photographs and illustrations and patterns for the pieces. 73pp. Pb.

Marco Docciolini by Steven Reich - $25.00
A transcription. A word-by-word transcription of the 1601 fencing treatise of Marco Docciolini. This important fencing work describes a system of swordsmanship which falls between the older "Cut & Thrust" systems of the 16th century and the classic 'Rapier' systems of the 17th century. Docciolini covers techniques for Sword-Alone, Sword and Dagger, Sword and Cape, Two Swords, Sword and Buckler, Sword and Targa, and Sword and Rotella. This work is in Italian with the Transcriber's Notes in English. 2nd Revision. 120pp. Pb.

Medieval & Renaissance Dagger Combat - $35.00
Jason Vail. Daggers are mentioned in many modern books about medieval and Renaissance swordplay, but until now none described how daggers were used in combat. Drawing from sources written from 1409-1600 (including the works of Hans Talhoffer, Fiore dei Liberi, Filippo Vadi, Joachim Meyer and more), this book uses step-by-step photos and historic illustrations to demonstrate the deadly and effective techniques of European dagger fighting. Talhoffer and the others were men with real fighting experience, not self-promoted "grand masters" or denizens of the training hall, and they wrote the manuals that form the basis for Medieval and Renaissance Dagger Combat. The dynamics of the knife fight have not changed over the centuries, and the masters' lessons are as useful against an attacker with today's tactical folder as they were against the first dagger. 234pp. Pb.

The Medieval Castle Coloring Book - $8.00
A G Smith. The medieval castle was the residence of the local lord, center of the community, and stronghold against enemy attacks. This collection of 30 detailed illustrations focuses on activities within the castle and how the heavily fortified structure functioned. Included are views of the castle's main features: the moat, drawbridge and portcullis; strong tower, or keep; the Great Hall, center of court life; dungeons; and others. Also here are ready-to-color scenes of a lady doing needlework at a window seat, a crossbowman atop a castle wall, a castle under siege, and more. 30 full-page black-and-white illustrations. 4 full-color illustrations on covers. 32pp. Pb.

Meyrick's Medieval Knights and Armour - $17.00
Samuel Rush Meyrick. Highlights from a magnificent three-volume survey of 9th- to 15th-century arms and armor feature 71 full-color and 7 black-and-white engravings. From Richard the Lionheart in full battle regalia to the equipage of anonymous knights, this volume presents a splendid panorama of medieval paladins and their weapons. Includes brief captions. This is a Dover original selection from A Critical Inquiry into Antient Armour, Henry G. Bohn, London, 1842. 144pp. Pb.

Ready For Battle: Make Your Own Chain Mail Armour - $33.00
Steffen schnee. Whether it is for LARP, theatre production, living history event or other related hobbies, with your own hauberk, coife, trousers or other chain mail objects you are ready for battle. For those who prefer to make their own, this book is detailed instructions for making coats of mail and other items from chainmail. The reader can choose between different sections and patterns and learn the necessary techniques, including the manufacture of chain rings and the riveting of chain mail. 64pp. Pb.

Renaissance Swordsmanship - $27.00
John Clements. This is the most thorough work ever about historical swordsmanship. It is both a general reference and an instructional guide for advanced and beginning sword enthusiasts, students of military history and martial artists. Includes rare historical info and 100 original drawings. 152pp. Pb.

The Armoured Rose (2nd Edition) - $39.00
Tobi Beck (aka Duchess Elina of Beckenham). This book on fighting in the Society For Creative Anachronism is for women who want to fight but procrastinate, or who fight and want to get better, for men who want to train women, or who dread training women because they always seem to drop out, or those who fight women. It describes how women differ from men in their physical, chemical and psychological make up and what effect this has on their fighting style. There are training photo sequences on particular moves which can help greatly. Primarily a book about the difference between men and women when they meet a physical confrontation. The book focuses on the physical differences between tendons, hands, body ratio as well as the chemical differences in the endocrine system and how it effects the reactions both he and she have on the fighting field. The book also dives in depth to examine what is going on between the ears of the female fighter. Throughout the book there are specific tips for trainers on how to apply the information. The book makes specific references to fighting in the SCA but has been used in Law Enforcement and other Martial Arts when working with women, and male trainers. Any trainer will likely find information well worth the price. A thoroughly fascinating book. 212pp. Pb.

Tournament - $33.00
David Crouch. The tournament was a mock battle, at its height between 1100 and 1300AD, conducted by two arbitrary battalions over many square miles of open country. It was a one-day event, but when joined to ancillary festivals it could extend it to several days. The centre of the enthusiasm was across north and north-eastern France, where - in the twelfth century - thousands of knights assembled from across northern Europe to seek reputation and profit. But the passion for the tournament extended much further. Tournament holding had penetrated England, Germany and Austria by 1200. The tournament resembled in many senses a modern spectator sport, with spectators, chants, national teams, team colours, inflated salaries, transfer fees, celebrity cults and a lifestyle notable for its excesses. The tournament had a wider significance too. It underpinned the idea of aristocracy; a knight and aristocrat could be defined as a man who frequented the tournament. 252pp. Pb.

Weapons & Armour - $42.00
Harold M Hart. A pictorial arsenal of war-making instruments offers over 1400 copyright-free illustrations of battle-axes, bows & arrows, cannons, catapults, clubs, daggers, handguns, tanks, suits of armor, helmets, much more culled from old archives and publications. Sources listed. 192pp. Pb.


Osprey Publications

Osprey Elite: Attila & the Nomad Hordes - $25.00
David Nicolle. Of all the conquerors who swept out of Central Asia, two names stand out in European memory - Attila the Hun and Genghis Khan the Mongol. Both are remembered for massacres and devastation; yet whereas Genghis is also famous for the laws he imposed on half of Asia and for the trade which flourished under Mongol rule, Attila's notoriety seems unrelieved by positive achievements. But what was Attila's short-lived empire really like? What happened to the Huns afterwards, and what role did the nomads of Central Asia play in the centuries between Attila and Genghis Khan? 64pp. Pb.

Osprey Elite: Elizabethan Sea Dogs - $25.00
Angus Konstam. The swashbuckling English sea captains of the Elizabethan era were a particular breed of adventurer, combining maritime and military skill with a seemingly insatiable appetite for Spanish treasure. Angus Konstam describes these characters, including such well-known sea dogs as Francis Drake, Walter Raleigh, John Hawkins and Martin Frobisher. For about 40 years they fought a private war with the Spanish, and while their success in defeating the Spanish Armada is well known, this book also covers their exploits in the New World. 64pp. Pb.

Osprey Fortress: Castles of Henry VIII - $25.00
Peter Harrington. In the last years of his reign Henry VIII needed a radically modern system of defence to protect England and its new Church. Anticipating a foreign onslaught from Catholic Europe after his split from Rome, Henry energetically began construction of more than 20 stone forts to protect England's major ports and estuaries. Aided by excellent illustrations, Peter Harrington explores the departure from artillery-vulnerable medieval castle designs, to the low, sturdy stone fortresses inspired by European ideas. He explains the scientific care taken to select sites for these castles, and the transition from medieval to modern in this last surge of English castle construction. 64pp. Pb.

Osprey Fortress: English Castles 1200 - 1300AD - $25.00
Christopher Gravett. The simple castles raised after the Norman conquest had been developed throughout 11th and 12th centuries, whilst the introduction of Islamic and Byzantine fortification techniques from the late 12th century led to further developments in castle architecture. These fortifications were to be well tested throughout the course of the 13th century as England was riven by the conflict, characterized by prolonged sieges, between the monarchy and powerful magnates. As well as providing the focus for warfare, castles increasingly became the centres of their communities, providing a more permanent base for the lord, his family and retainers, as well as acting as centres for justice and administration. 64pp. Pb.

Osprey Fortress: Scottish Baronial Castles 1250 - 1450AD - $25.00
Michael Brown. Devastated by the civil wars of the 17th century or by the neglect of their owners, the majority of Scottish baronial castles built between 1250 and 1450 survive as little more than skeletal ruins. These reminders of Scotland's past have captured the imaginations of romantics, artists, writers and tourists since the late 18th century. Often set in spectacular surroundings, on cliff-tops, islands, and gorges, their ruined grandeur evokes a medieval world of sieges, banquets and murders, and provides a rare physical link with the Anglo-Scottish wars of Robert the Bruce and William Wallace. 64pp. Pb.

Osprey Men-At-Arms: Armies of Castile & Aragon 1370-1516 - $25.00
John Pohl. Most studies of medieval warfare in the late 14th and 15th centuries concentrate on the Hundred Years' War between England and France and the Wars of the Roses. But meanwhile, on the Iberian peninsula, the foundations of Spain's military ‘Golden Age' were being laid as the kingdoms of Castile and Aragon under the Trastamara dynasty grew in power, ambition and success. Featuring spectacular full-colour artwork, and rare manuscript illustrations, this book depicts the fighting men whose skill and tactical flexibility made Spain into a world power at the close of the Middle Ages, carving out empires from the Mediterranean to the Caribbean. 48pp. Pb.

Osprey Men-At-Arms: Border Reivers - $25.00
Keith Durham. From the 13th century until early in the 17th century the Border Marches of England and Scotland were torn by a vicious and almost continuous cycle of raid, reprisal and blood feud. The Border Reiver was a professional cattle thief, a guerilla soldier skilled at raiding, tracking and ambush and a well organised 'gangster'. Including eight superb full page colour plates by Angus McBride, as well as numerous other illustrations, this text by Keith Durham explores the colourful history of these remarkable people. 48pp. Pb.

Osprey Men-At-Arms: Forces of the Hanseatic League - $25.00
David Nicolle. The Hanseatic League was a commercial and defensive federation of merchant guilds based in harbour towns along the North Sea and Baltic coasts of what are now Germany and her neighbours, which eventually dominated maritime trade in Northern Europe and spread its influence much further afield. The League was formed to protect the economic and political interests of member cities throughout a vast and complex trading network. The League continued to operate well into the 17th century, but its golden age was between c.1200 and c.1500; thereafter it failed to take full advantage of the wave of maritime exploration to the west, south and east of Europe. During its 300 years of dominance the League’s large ships – called ‘cogs’ – were at the forefront of maritime technology, were early users of cannon, and were manned by strong fighting crews to defend them from pirates in both open-sea and river warfare. The home cities raised their own armies for mutual defence, and their riches both allowed them, and required them, to invest in fortifications and gunpowder weapons, since as very attractive targets they were subjected to sieges at various times. 48pp. Pb.

Osprey Men-At-Arms: The Hussite Wars 1419-36 - $25.00
Stephen Turnbull. In 1415, the judicial murder of the religious reformer Jan Hus sparked a major uprising in Bohemia. His death led within a few years to the 'Hussite' revolution against the monarchy, the German aristocracy and the Church establishment. For two decades the largely peasant Hussite armies successfully defied a series of international 'crusades'; they owed many of their victories to the charismatic general Jan Zizka, and his novel tactical methods based on the use of 'war wagons'. This remarkable episode in medieval warfare is remembered not only as the Czech national epic, but as an important forerunner to the wars of the Reformation the following century. 48pp. Pb.

Osprey Men-At-Arms: Irish Wars 1485-1603 - $25.00
Ian Heath. The Reformation in England further distanced the Irish, as the majority of Irishmen adhered stubbornly to their Catholicism. Eventually, in Elizabeth's reign, both sides resorted to the use of force on a large scale in a series of bloody wars and rebellions that were to culminate in the Earl of Tyrone's 'Great Rebellion' of 1595-1603. This text by Ian Heath looks at the history, organisation and tactics of the armies of the Irish Wars 1485-1603, armies which included such troops as the fearsome Irish Galloglasses, who bore a deadly axe six feet long with a blade one foot broad! 48pp. Pb.

Osprey Men-At-Arms: Italian Medieval Armies 1000-1300 - $25.00
David Nicolle. As early as the 11th century, Italian warfare was developing along lines which were unique in medieval Europe. This fragmented, cosmopolitan region, increasingly rich from international trade, saw the rise of independent cities able to fund armies of urban militia, sometimes defying the traditional feudal aristocracy. Against this background regional powers - the Normans, the Papacy, the German Emperors, the Angevins and Aragonese - manoeuvred for advantage. This engrossing account of the armies of northern and southern Italy - their organisation, command structure, strategy, tactics and fortifications - is illustrated with rare manuscript images, diagrams of fortifications, and eight striking colour plates showing armour and weapons of all types. 48pp. Pb.

Osprey Men-At-Arms: Medieval Heraldry - $25.00
Terrance Wise. Coats of arms were at first used only by kings and princes, then by their great nobles, but by the mid-13th century arms were being used extensively by the lesser nobility, knights and those who later came to be styled gentlemen. In some countries the use of arms spread even to merchants, townspeople and the peasantry. From the mundane to the fantastic, from simple geometric patterns to elaborate mythological beasts, this fascinating work by Terence Wise explores the origins and appearance of medieval heraldic devices in an engagingly readable style accompanied by numerous illustrations including eight full page colour plates by Richard Hook. 48pp. Pb.

Osprey Men-At-Arms: Medieval Scandinavian Armies (1) 1100-1300 - $25.00
David Lindholm & David Nicolle. While Scandinavia's 'Viking Age' is one of the most studied aspects of early medieval history, much less has been published about the centuries that followed. Yet the armies of Sweden, Norway and Denmark offer fascinating differences from the rest of medieval Western Europe, both in their organisation and their war gear - due partly to their remoteness, climate and terrain, but partly to their long freedom from the feudal system of other kingdoms. This book explains the special nature of Scandinavian armies, shaped by the relative weakness of kings and aristocrats, and the contrasts between the separate nations of the North. 48pp. Pb.

Osprey New Vanguard: Medieval Siege Weapons (1) Western Europe - $25.00
David Nicolle. The Medieval era was a period of huge variety and invention in siege warfare. Before the use of cannon and other gun-powder artillery, siege engines relied on assorted sources of power, from torsion 'energy storage' systems to man-power, counter-balances and others. This book reveals how technological traditions from the Graeco-Roman world, Persia, India and above all China made a massive contribution to siege warfare techniques. It also covers developments in military engineering, such as mining, counter-mining, the breaking of walls, the use of noxious and chemical fumes and the use of fire-weapons. 64pp. Pb.

Osprey New Vanguard: Spanish Galleon: 1530 - 1690AD - $25.00
Angus Konstam. During the middle decade of the 16th century a new type of sailing vessel emerged, designed to carry the wealth of the Americas to Spain. This was the galleon, and over the next century these vessels would serve Spain well as treasure ships and warships, becoming a symbol of Spanish power and wealth during the period. The development and construction of the Spanish galleon are discussed in this book, and the ordnance and crewing needed to produce and maintain these stately vessels is covered. The author also examines the role of the galleon as a treasure ship, and describes how these ships were manned and fought in action. 48pp. Pb.

Osprey New Vanguard: Viking Longship - $25.00
Keith Durham. Viking longships evolved from one-man canoes of the Scandinavian Stone Age, through wood-built-ships of c. 200 BC into the recognisable longboats of the 4th century AD. From this point, the Viking Longship developed into the pre-eminent raider and trader in the North Sea and Baltic, venturing as far afield as the Mediterranean, North Atlantic and modern-day Russia. Keith Durham uses reconstructions, original sources, translations and archaeological evidence to render a vivid picture of the vessels that dominated the seaways of Scandinavia, founded colonies on Iceland, Greenland and the New World and terrorised the coastlines of northern Europe. Also covered are Norman vessels, including the invasion fleet of William the Conqueror. 64pp. Pb.

Osprey Warrior: Border Reiver 1513 - 1603AD - $25.00
Keith Durham. Stretching from the North Sea to the Solway Firth, the Border region has a sharply diverse landscape and was a battleground for over 300 years as the English and Scottish monarchs encouraged their subjects to conduct raids across their respective borders. This Warrior title will detail how this narrow strip of land influenced the Borderer’s way of life in times of war. Covering every aspect of militant life, from the choice of weapons and armour to the building of fortified houses, this book gives the readers a chance to understand what it must have been like to live life in a late-medieval war zone. 62pp. Pb.

Osprey Warrior: Carolingian Cavalryman 768 - 987AD - $25.00
David Nicolle. The army of Charlemagne and his successors enabled the western Franks to recreate what contemporaries regarded as a 'reborn' western Roman empire. Frankish society was well prepared for war, with outstanding communications drawing together the disparate regions of a large empire. The role of mounted troops, the essential striking force of the Frankish army, is explored here. Alongside it was the impact that new technology, such as stirrups, had on warfare in this period. Illuminating a much-neglected area of history, this book shows how the role of cavalry grew in prestige, as the Carolingian armoured horseman gave way to the knight of the early 10th century. 64pp. Pb.

Osprey Warrior: The Conquistidor 1492 - 1550AD - $25.00
John Pohl. Many accounts portray the conquest of the New World as a remarkable military achievement, with Cortés' vastly outnumbered but better armed Spaniards defeating hordes of superstitious savages. However, the reality of these events is far more complex and no less significant. The first Conquistadors who had sailed in search of prosperity, inspired by dreams of unlimited riches, soon became disillusioned and restless. With disease rampant, resources exhausted, and the Caribbean populations dwindling, they had little alternative but to find new territories and peoples to exploit. This title shows how, bolstered by influxes of war-hardened veterans from Europe and an army of over 30,000 allied Indian troops, they came to rely on and perfect what they knew best - killing for profit, and without mercy. 64pp. Pb.

Osprey Warrior: English Medieval Knight 1200 - 1300AD - $25.00
Christopher Gravett. The 13th century was a time of change for knights in England. They were faced with rising costs and increasing demands on their time for local government because of their very status in society, until knighthood itself was sometimes avoided. This period saw as well the development of the tournament from the wild team events of the early years of the century to the single jousts with blunt lance. Campaign life in the 13th century also embraced several theatres of war including the baronial revolt against King John, the Barons' Wars of Simon de Montfort, and the Welsh and Scottish wars of Edward I. This title also covers the use and development of arms, armour, costume and other equipment. 64pp. Pb.

Osprey Warrior: Gallowglass 1250 - 1600AD - $25.00
Fergus Cannan. Galloglass, from the Gaelic gallóglaigh for ‘foreign warriors’, were mercenaries from the Western Isles of Scotland who fought in the retinues of Irish magnates from the mid-13th century until the early 17th century. This work looks at the clan and family structures of the galloglass, their performance in battle, their weapons and armor and how these were made and by whom. The unique fighting skills and tactics of the galloglass are also studied, as well as how they were organized on the battlefield and their command structures and systems of rank. 64pp. Pb.

Osprey Warrior: Tudor Knight - $25.00
Christopher Gravett. The Tudor knight was the first line of defence employed by monarchs from Henry VIII to Elizabeth I, the last of a long tradition of knighthood dating back to the 11th century. Knighthood during the Tudor era saw reforms in recruitment, appearance, and most radically in training and equipment. This book details those changes, profiling the knight’s appearance and dress, life on campaign, and experience of battle in France, Scotland and Ireland. It also explores the concept of chivalry, as sensationally enacted by Henry VIII and Francis I of France at the celebrated Field of Cloth of Gold near Calais, in 1520. 64pp. Pb.